Head / Neck


What is a concussion?

A concussion occurs when there is a direct impact or an inertial force on the head that suddenly impairs neurological function. The results of a concussion can include physical, emotional, and cognitive symptoms. Concussions can have serious implications for performance in sport, school, work, and other activities of daily life. Concussion management is an important and growing sector of health care that requires proper management for optimal recovery.

Common Symptoms

Physical signs:

  • Confusion, headaches, nausea, dizziness, impaired balance, visual disturbances, fatigue, light sensitivity, noise sensitivity, numbness/tingling, ringing in the ears

Cognitive signs:

  • Difficulty concentrating, difficulty with memory recall

Emotional signs:

  • Irritability, low mood, mood changes, anxiety

Red Flags

Due to the traumatic nature of some concussions, there is a risk of more urgent medical problems associated with the event. If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, be sure to mention it to your healthcare provider as soon as possible.

  • Dizziness
  • Sudden drop attacks/fainting
  • Double vision
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Nystagmus of the eyes
  • Nausea
  • Numbness/tingling

Treatment Strategies

Book a physiotherapy appointment today to receive a thorough concussion-screening assessment. Based on the results of the assessment and the most current research in the field, our clinicians will devise an appropriate rehabilitation program. A concussion management program will typically begin with a short period of cognitive rest, followed by progressive exercise based therapy to improve vestibular function, postural control, balance, and aerobic capacity. Over time, our therapists will help prepare you for return to school, work, or play; depending on your needs and goals.