What is a meniscal tear?
The medial and lateral menisci lie between the femur (thigh bone) and the tibia (shin bone). The meniscus is often referred to as the cartilage, or cushion between these bones. The function of the meniscus is to improve congruency of the knee joint, absorb impact forces, provide lubrication, and to provide stability. Injuries to the meniscus often occur due to twisting motions when the knee is bent or under load. Alternatively, meniscal injuries can occur slowly over time due to wear and tear of arthritic changes.
- Popping/clicking/locking of the knee
- Pain along the joint line of the knee
- Pain with twisting
- Pain with deep knee bend/squat
Meniscal tears differ in severity and some may require surgical intervention. However, most meniscal tears will respond well to physiotherapy or chiropractic care. Treatment protocols will work to reduce pain and inflammation, improve range of motion, strengthen the muscles surrounding the knee, and prevent further injury.
Some of the treatment techniques that may be beneficial include: